PICTORIAL HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES AND TERRITORIES
#25 - NEW JERSEY
Size: 5" x 3"
Lithographer: Donaldson Bros.
|Reverse - Text
YOUR COFFEE AT HOME
|THE first European to
look upon the low sandy shores of
New Jersey was Hendrik Hudson,
whose little ship
"Half-Moon" cast anchor inside of Sandy Hook in 1609. By
virtue of his discoveries the
people of the Netherlands laid
claim to New York and New Jersey.
Colonies were sent from Holland,
and within a decade settlements
arose in the vicinity of Jersey
City (then called Bergen), the
trading-post being the site of
New York. Colonies from Sweden
also settled in West Jersey and
occupied territory claimed by the
Dutch. This led to disputes until
Governor Stuyvesant secured the
submission of the Swedes in 1655.
In 1664, King Charles II. granted
to the Duke of York a great tract
of land, from Cape May to
Nantucket, the Duke in turn
granting New Jersey to Lord John
Berkeley and Sir George Carteret,
giving them the absolute estate
and title to the land, and also
the power to rule and make laws.
Philip Carteret was the first
governor. The first settlers at
Newark were Connecticut Puritans.
Some of the important battles of
the Revolution were fought in
this State. Frederick the Great
"the most brilliant in the
annals of military
cantonments of the army in the
winter of 1779-80 were at
Morristown, and the house then
occupied by General Washington
and his wife is now sacredly
preserved as public property. The
last of the Indian tribes left
the State in 1802. Slavery
existed for a century, but in
1820 an Act was passed giving
freedom to all children born of
slave parents after certain
at the Battle of Monmouth;
Massacre of Indians at
Hoboken, 1643; Washington's
Headquarters at Morristown.
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